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How to Register a Company in Nigeria

 

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(Demystifying Company Registration in Nigeria: Get Incorporated in 3 easy steps)

Are you ready to register your company with the Corporate Affairs Commission (CAC) but confused as to how it is done? This article will show you the simple 3- step procedure to get it done. But first, let’s bust a couple of myths.

Myth 1: Anyone can walk in and register a company

While it is possible for anyone to walk into CAC, the best most people will achieve is getting answers to questions. Only individuals and firms accredited by CAC will be able to register a company using their accreditation numbers.

Myth 2: You can register online

Most people believe that company registration can be done online via the Corporate Affairs Commission website.  It is not possible, although the Commission is definitely working to make it possible. However when it is active, it is still only accredited individuals or firms that will have access to it.

Now that we’ve cleared that up, let’s get your company registered!

 

Step 1- Get your name

To get a name for your company you have to run what is called an Availability Search. You provide 2 possible names to your lawyer and he takes them to CAC where the search is carried out to ensure that at least one of the names is available for you to use.  One or both names can be rejected- which means that you will have to submit fresh names.

Why is a name rejected?-

  • if it exists or resembles an existing name such that it is able to cause confusion, (e.g. Tomline and Tomsline)
  • if the name is vague
  • if one of the words in the name is prohibited (you cannot use words like ‘national’, ‘federal’, ‘government’ or ‘holdings’ without special permission)

Ordinarily, the search result comes out in one week (5 working days) for availability, but if the CAC server is down it may take longer. Once you have an approved name, you are ready for the next step.

 

Step 2- Prepare memorandum and articles of association (MEMART)

This is done by your lawyer. He will prepare the documents based on the objects of the company. You will need to give the lawyer the names of initial subscribers who will be the first directors and the names of shareholders.

Your initial directors/subscribers must be above 18, and must not be bankrupt, of unsound mind, or convicted of any crime; particularly of moral turpitude.

As of January 2013, all directors need to provide regulatory ID- drivers licence, national identity card, or national passport- so that the CAC officials can see faces and estimate ages.

When through with your MEMART, you need one more document before your lawyer returns to CAC: the incorporation forms.

 

Step 3- Fill incorporation forms

You will need to appoint a company secretary, who should be either a lawyer or an accountant. This is the person who should handle your filings with CAC after the company has been created.

  • All directors must fill the Particulars of Director form (Form CAC 7)
  • One director fills the Statement of Share Capital and Return of Allotment form (Form CAC 2)
  • One director and the Company Secretary will fill the Notice of Situation/Change of Registered Address form (Form CAC 3)
  • An individual or firm accredited by CAC will fill the Declaration of Compliance with the Requirements of CAMA form (Form CAC 4)
  • At least two directors will fill the form appointing a Company Secretary for the company.

When all that is done, your lawyer returns to CAC and submits the MEMART and forms. Then in about four to six weeks he returns to get the Certificate of Incorporation. Congratulations on registering your Company!

 

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Chojare Pamela Agboga is a Legal Practitioner, Writer, Editor, Chartered Secretary and Administrator. She is currently working on her first novel 'Weekends are for Loving' as well as a devotional for women.

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