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20 Commonly Grown Plants in Nigeria -


20 Commonly Grown Flowers in Nigeria

Just before you source for flowers for your garden, you might want to know their names and a little more about them. Here are twenty you can find in Nigeria.

1. Aloe Vera:

Aloe Vera Plant

The popular succulent aloe is easy to grow and is grown for beauty and medicinal purposes.

2. Cacti:

20 Commonly Grown Plants in Nigeria -


Because of its thorns, these desert plants are useful as hedges or potted plants. They live long and hardly require water.

3. Calla Lily:

20 Commonly Grown Plants in Nigeria -

Calla Lily

Calla lilies are native to Nigeria and other African countries. The funnel-shaped flowers with white, yellow or pink petals and a protruding spike and elongated leaves make it a charming constituent of a bridal bouquet.

4. Celosia:

20 Commonly Grown Plants in Nigeria -


Though celosias are planted primarily as food in Nigeria they are planted as flowers in other places because of their bright red and yellow inflorescence. It is known as soko in Yoruba and also known as Lagos spinach or cockscomb.

5. Climbing Ivy:

20 Commonly Grown Plants in Nigeria -

Climbing Ivy

It is normally seen growing on walls and they are a beautiful sight, though the walls should be strong enough to resist cracking by the plant.

6. Cordyline:

20 Commonly Grown Plants in Nigeria -


Different varieties come with several colours; from purple and pink to green and yellow.

7. Croton:

20 Commonly Grown Plants in Nigeria -


The foliage of croton plant is a combination of bold warm colours –red, yellow and orange, and deep green, and this makes them quite attention-grabbing.

8. Crown of Thorns:

20 Commonly Grown Plants in Nigeria -

Crown of Thorns

They have attractive red flowers but are full of thorns! They can be planted as a barrier to stop people from walking on lawns.

9. Dumb cane:

20 Commonly Grown Plants in Nigeria -

Dumb Cane

The green and white/yellow dumb cane is a common indoor plant and is used in small spaces to remove toxins and improve air quality. Although they are toxic, effects caused when chewed are temporary and hardly fatal.

10. Hibiscus:

20 Commonly Grown Plants in Nigeria -

Purple Hibiscus

We know the popular red and white hibiscus, right? And we know it is possible to grow purple hibiscuses, thanks to Chimamanda Adichie.

11. Ixora:

20 Commonly Grown Plants in Nigeria -


An Ixora plant has different colours –red, white and green, because of this, it serves as more than a hedge trimming plant. The flowers and putting in a vase for indoor décor. I used to make garlands with them and sucked the flower’s juice when I was much younger.

12. Mother In-Law’s Tongue:

20 Commonly Grown Plants in Nigeria -

Mother In-Law’s Tongue

Also known as the snake plant or viper’s bowstring hemp, this plant is native to Nigeria. It is a common indoor plant and is beneficial in air purification as it removes airborne toxins.

13. Mussaenda:

20 Commonly Grown Plants in Nigeria -


This is a small ornamental tree. Its leaves are hairy, petals are mostly pink are velvety and flowers are yellow.

14. Orchids:

20 Commonly Grown Plants in Nigeria -


William Stanford in a report identified 401 species of orchid in West Africa, most of which are found in Nigeria. Like the Tecoma stans, the orchid is also a post stamp figure and is found on ₦1, ₦1.50, ₦2, ₦5 and ₦10 Nigerian post stamps. There’s also a book on orchids by L. B. Segerback, Orchids of Nigeria; so yes, they are that popular here.

15. Purple Heart:

20 Commonly Grown Plants in Nigeria -

Purple Heart

The trailing Purple Heart has dark purple pointed leaves and small flowers. It also improves indoor air quality.

16. Red Acalypha

20 Commonly Grown Plants in Nigeria -

Red Acalypha

This is a hairy plant with spiked leaves which are dark green and red in colour. It is also used to treat skin diseases in Nigeria.

17. Roses:

20 Commonly Grown Plants in Nigeria -


Roses produce one of the loveliest fragrances; they just fill the air and the flowers are beautiful.

18. Spider Plant:

20 Commonly Grown Plants in Nigeria -

Spider Plant

Spider plants have long slender green and white leaves, are easy to grow and preferably grown in flower pots, and are native to Africa.

19. Sunflowers:

20 Commonly Grown Plants in Nigeria -


Not only grows like weeds in Nigeria but is useful for its oil. With buildings and road taking up much land, Nigerians should grow more of this.

20. Yellow Bush:

20 Commonly Grown Plants in Nigeria -

Yellow Bush

It was somewhat tedious trying to identify the common lemon-green hedge plant. I was told by a gardener that the one identified by gold fruits and purple flowers is called Yellow Bush (scientific name is Durenta erecta). Another common green hedge plant used in Nigeria is the Murraya which can be trimmed into almost any shape.

You may also like: 15 Trees Popularly Used for Landscaping in Nigeria.

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Nnenna is an editor and writer at Connect Nigeria. She loves fine art, books and places.



  1. Avatar

    ban mai xanh

    29th August 2017 at 12:21 am

    Thanks for sharing your thoughts about ipad mini.


  2. Avatar


    7th November 2017 at 7:29 am

    Good Morning. Please where can I get to but some croton plants? Please any contact?

    Thank You.

  3. Avatar


    29th January 2018 at 8:04 am

    Please where can i buy spider plant.

  4. Avatar


    15th February 2018 at 1:54 am

    Great job! …now I know their names…lol! I think the green acalypha is quite common too.

  5. Avatar


    5th July 2018 at 8:59 pm

    Precisely Happening i am fresh to this, I stumbled after this I’ve found That positively useful and it has aided me away loads. I am hoping to chip in & help other users like its allowed me personally to. Great job.

  6. Avatar

    Oluwademilade Adefope

    29th July 2018 at 4:10 pm

    My mother has a huge garden and I had no idea what these were called until now! Especially the Ixora lol I used to do the exact same thing, thank you for your thoughts and research!

  7. Avatar


    16th January 2019 at 1:20 am

    Hello,can someone please tell the location of this flowers where we can get them

  8. Avatar


    5th February 2019 at 3:06 pm

    Great job, Nnenna. But you left out the now ubiquitous bougainvillea

  9. Pingback: A Wild Plant Spreads Throughout The African Diet - Impakter

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