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Top 5 Programming Languages For Beginners

A lot of programming languages have been designed as well as evolved from its inception and this may give a confusing choice for a beginner who wants to develop his programming skills, be involved in creating tech products and applications, as well as solve everyday problems through technology. As such, we bring you some of the most popular and easy-to-learn programming languages that exist so you can be part of those who bridge the gap between the demand for web developers, game developers and software engineers from Africa.


JavaScript has been the most popular language among developers successively for 6 years. Primarily, JavaScript plays a major role in front-end development. Even some of the major social media platforms believe that JavaScript provides an easy way to create interactive web pages smoothly and is career-driven.

JavaScript is most preferred because of its compatibility with all the major browsers and is really flexible with the syntax it holds.


Python is a professional programming language used by top app development companies to develop desktop GUIs as well as analyzing and interpreting scientific and numeric data. Python is a programming language that is now adopted in universities in Nigeria because it applies to many applications apart software development such as GIS. Python is used by top app development companies to develop android and desktop apps. Many apps such as Dropbox, Spotify, Instagram, YouTube, OpenStack, Reddit, Quora etc. have been created using Python. Being so popular in areas like scientific computing, and machine learning and engineering, Python supports a programming style that uses simple functions and variables without much interrogating in class definitions.

If you are interested in making your career in back-end development, like Django – Open source framework, is written in python, which makes it easy to learn and feature-packed, yet popular. Also, python has a variety of applications that make it a versatile and powerful.


Java has been the ruling programming language for the last 20 years. Java is highly cross-platform compatible or platform independent. Java forms the base for the Android operating system and is used for making a variety of back-end applications. With so many good reasons and a wide range of business applications, possessing immense flexibility and java is all time beginners’ favorite.

Aside from Android apps, Java is used for webs apps, scientific apps, embedded space, server apps, games etc. Many top app development companies have used Java for apps like Blue-ray Disc Association, UltraMixer, NASA world wind, ThinkFree cloud office etc. Java is very popular because of its association with the Android operating system.

4. C++

C++ is an object-oriented programming language and which is built on C and is preferred for designing higher-level applications. C++ is seen as more performing than dynamically typed languages because the code is type-checked before it is executed on real grounds. Core areas of developments are Virtual Reality, gaming, computer graphics etc.

This programming language is used by many industries ranging from the baking to manufacturing industry. The C++ has been used by top app development companies to develop applications for iOS, Windows, and Android. Aside from mobile app, It has also been used by top app development companies to create tools like Amazon, Google Chrome, Paypal, Photoshop, World of Warcraft etc.

5. PHP

PHP stands for Hypertext Preprocessor, is a general-purpose programming language. Clearly, PHP is a scripting language, which runs on a server, and it is used to create web pages written in HTML. It is popular because it is free, cheap, easy to set up and simple to use for new programmers.

PHP is a very strong option for web developers around the globe. It is widely used to create dynamic web page content, and images used on websites. Also, PHP is well dressed for WordPress CMS (Content Management System). It is a programming language used in making websites, android apps and iOS apps.

PHP has been used for websites like Facebook, Yahoo, Flickr, Tumblr, Wikipedia etc. PHP is used to create e-commerce websites, creating PDFs, for creating content management systems like Drupal and WordPress.




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Aanuoluwapo Olajide

Aanuoluwapo Olajide is a freelance writer who believes that words are fundamental blocks and are the force of life and death. She is a tech enthusiast, fashion designer and a lover of words.



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