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6 Important Mineral Resources in Abia State

Abia State is awash with valuable mineral resources, as is most of Nigeria. It already boasts a bustling trade sector, concentrated in the commercial city of Aba. But the state could become known for much more if it makes the most of its natural endowments.   

There is some degree of mining and deployment going on in Abia. Oil wells are present, and the local construction and manufacturing industries also source some of their raw materials from sites within the state.


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But these barely scrape the surface of what’s available across Abia. The state government says there are 35 solid minerals hidden in rocks and sands of the region.  For all we know, there could be even more. 

Here, we run through six key mineral resources in Abia State, and what it stands to gain if it puts them to good use.

1. Crude Oil

Abia is one of eight oil-producing states in the country. The petroleum sector contributes a significant portion of the state’s GDP, although it isn’t among the top producers of the commodity. A report from 2012 put its total output at 36,000 barrels per day.   

The oil fields in Abia state are located at the Imo River, as well as in Obuzo, Owaza Ngboko, Nkali, Odogkwa, Obeakpu, and Isimiri.    

Crude oil is refined into petro-chemicals like PMS (‘petrol’), kerosene, diesel, jet fuel. Processed derivatives are also used to make paints and dyes, fertilizer, perfume, and a host of other things.  

2. Glass Sand

As its name suggests, glass sand is a special type of sand that’s used to make glass, It’s mostly silica (an important material for glass making), and has small bits of other minerals as well.  

The most well-known deposit of this resource is at the Azumini Blue River in Nkwa East Local Government Area of the state.

A glass factory located in Aba was built to make glass from locally sourced glass sand.

3. Limestone

Limestone is a sedimentary rock that’s made up of the remains of ancient marine creatures. It is usually deployed as a building material, and it is used to make cement.   

You can find abundant limestone deposits in Arochukwu and Isuikwuato local government areas of Abia State. There are richer sites for this resource in the South West and Middle Belt, but its presence in Abia saves the state the cost of bringing it in from elsewhere in the country.

4. Iron Ore

Iron, which is produced from iron ore, is a key material in the construction and manufacturing industries. Steel, an important material in the building industry, is made from iron as well. Machine tools, automobile parts, and kitchen utensils are also fashioned from steel.    

Iron ore is present in the northern parts of Isuikwuato Local Government Area.  

5. Copper

Most of Nigeria’s 10 million tonnes of copper ore deposits are located in its northern regions. However, there are sites in the south that may harbor substantial amounts of the mineral. In Abia, the principal source of copper is at Lokpaukwu in Nneochi LGA. 

Because copper is a great conductor of electricity, it is used to make wires and motors. Some other uses include roofing, cookware, and kitchen utensils.  


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6. Kaolin

This white clay substance is used to make paints, ceramics, and detergents. It’s also known in medical circles as an absorbent for drugs. Dermatologists believe that it’s effective for treating acne and can help users achieve smoother skin. 

Kaolin can be found in Umuahia, Ikwuano LGA, and the northwestern part of Isuikwuato LGA.

Featured image source: Legit NG


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Ikenna Nwachukwu

Ikenna Nwachukwu holds a bachelor's degree in Economics from the University of Nigeria, Nsukka. He loves to look at the world through multiple lenses- economic, political, religious and philosophical- and to write about what he observes in a witty, yet reflective style.

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