With the ratification of the UN Charter, the founding document for the United Nations by the majority of its signatories, including the five permanent members of the Security Council of the UN, the organization came into force on October 24, 1945. Established after the Second World War, the UN succeeded the League of Nations and was created with the aim of preventing future wars. The drafting of the UN Charter commenced on April 25, 1945, in San Francisco as the government of 50 nations met in a conference. June 25, 1945, marked the adoption of the Charter before it took effect on October 24, 1945. Today, the United Nations is the largest, most recognized, and most internationally represented and powerful intergovernmental organization in the world with 193 member nations.
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As part of dedication and devotion towards ensuring that people around the globe are aware of the aims and achievements of the United Nations, as well as gaining global support for its work, the United Nations General Assembly in 1947, declared October 24 as United Nations Day. The UN General Assembly would go on in 1971 to adopt a resolution 2782, which made the UN Day an international observance or international holiday, with a recommendation to member states of the United Nations to declare October 24 of every year as a public holiday.
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As an intergovernmental organization, the United Nations was established with the aims of maintaining international peace and security, development of cordial relations between countries, achieving international cooperation, and serve as the focal point for harmonizing the actions of states. Headquartered in New York, the organization has other main offices in Geneva, Nairobi, Vienna, and The Hague. Other objectives of the UN include the protection of human rights, delivery of humanitarian aid, fostering sustainable development, and upholding international law.
With the theme ‘’2020 and Beyond- Shaping Our Future Together,’’ this year’s observation aims to celebrate the 75th anniversary of the formation of the United Nations as well as spark dialogue on how we can collectively make the world a better place amidst challenges.
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